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CJAP ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 359-364.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6097.2021.044

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of acupuncture on endoplasmic reticulum pathway in exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage in rats and its mechanism

DING Hai-li1△, HUANG Zeng-hao1, REN Zai-fang2,3, SUN Zhu-xin4, LI Jun-ping2, WANG Rui-yuan2   

  1. 1. College of Sports Medicine and Health, Chengdu Sport University, Chengdu 610041;
    2. Institute of Human Movement Science, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084;
    3. China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029;
    4. School of Continuing Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing100080, China
  • Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-08-09

Abstract: Objective: To observe the effects of acupuncture on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) functional enzymes sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA), protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), glucose-regulated protein 78(GRP78) and PERK pathways in rats with exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage, and to explore the mechanisms of acupuncture in preventing and treating exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage. Methods: Eight-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (group C, n=6), exercise group (group E, n=30), acupuncture group (group A, n=30) and exercise acupuncture group (group EA, n=30). Among them, the E and EA group were established an exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage model by a single eccentric exercise, and acupuncture intervention was applied 0.5 cm above the Achilles tendon of the rat's calf immediately after EA exercise, and in group A, acupuncture intervention was applied during the same period. Each group was divided into 0 h/12 h/24 h/48 h/72 h (n=6) according to different sampling time points after exercise and acupuncture intervention, and soleus muscle was collected at the corresponding time for index test. The ultrastructure of muscle fibers was observed by transmission electron microscopy; the contents of SERCA and PDI were determined by ELISA; and the expressions of ER stress marker proteins GRP78 and p-PERK and p-eIF2α were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with group C, there were no significant differences in the indicators of group A at all time points (P> 0.05), the ultrastructure of muscle fibers in group E showed different damages, SERCA content was significantly decreased from 0 h to 48 h (P<0.05), PDI content was significantly increased from 0 h to 72 h (P<0.05), GRP78 expression was significantly increased from 0 h to 72 h (P<0.05), p-PERK expression was significantly increased from 0 h to 24 h (P<0.05), and p-eIF2α expression was consistent with p-PERK. Compared with the corresponding times in group E, the ultrastructure of muscle fibers in group EA was significantly alleviated, SERCA content was significantly increased from 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05), PDI content was significantly increased from 0 h to 72 h (P<0.05), and GRP78 expression was significantly decreased from 0 h to 72 h (P<0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture can effectively ameliorate exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage and alleviate ER stress after a large load eccentric exercise. The mechanism of them may be related to the up-regulation of protein disulfide isomerase PDI and the inhibition of ER stress PERK pathway.

Key words: rats, exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage, acupuncture, ER, ER stress

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