Loading...
 
 Home  About Journal Instructions for Authors Editorial Board Subscribe Advertisement Messages Board Contact Us 中文

ISSN 1000-6834
CN 12-1339/R
Started in 1985(Bimonthly)
  Office Online
    » Online Submission
    » Manuscript Tracking
    » Peer Review
    » Editor-in-Chief
    » Office Work
  Journal Online
    » Just Accepted
    » Online First
    » Current Issue
    » Archive
    » Most Read
    » Most Download
    » Most Cited
  Download
    » 投稿人登记表
    » 投稿格式模版
    » 著作权转让书
  • Table of Content
      28 January 2018, Volume 34 Issue 1 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    Effects of simulated 100 m Trimix conventional diving on oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction in rabbits
    LI Yang-yang, SHI Lu, ZHANG Yan-meng, XIAO Chan-juan, LIU Hong-tao
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 1-3.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5484.2018.001
    Abstract   PDF (939KB) ( 194 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of simulated 100 m Trimix conventional diving on tissue inflammatory cytokines in rabbits.Methods: Eight New Zealand rabbits were performed a simulated 100 m Trimix conventional diving program which was established according to the Haldane theory. The expression levels of interferon-gamma(IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), myeloperoxidase(MPO) and matrix metallo proteinase-9 (MMP-9) in rabbits lung and brain tissues were detected by Elisa after diving decompression. The tissue wet/dry ratio was calculated. The serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD),glutathione(GSH), catalase(CAT), malondiadehyde(MDA) and lipid peroxide(LPO) were detected by Elisa method in rabbits before and after diving.Results: The expressions of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, MPO and MMP-9 in simulated diving group rabbits were significantly increased compared with the intact group(P<0.05, P<0.01); the simulated diving rabbits tissues wet/dry ratio had no significant changes compared with the intact group. After diving, the activities of SOD and GSH were decreased significantly (P<0.01), while the contents of CAT, MDA and LPO were increased significantly (P<0.01).Conclusion: The simulated 100 m Trimix conventional diving had significant impact on oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction in rabbits, the results of wet/dry ratio showed that the diving rabbits had no tissue edema after decompression.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of CHL1 deficiency,a cell adhesion molecule,on the inflammatory bowel disease
    WANG Xiao-meng, ZHAO Tong, CHENG Xiang, GUO Ning, ZHU Ling-ling, SHI Ming, WU Kui-wu
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 4-7.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5567.2018.002
    Abstract   PDF (1009KB) ( 87 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of deficiency of CHL1 in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).Methods: Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model was used to study the effects of deficiency of CHL1 on the development of IBD. Ten CHL1(+/+) mice in C57/BL6 background were randomly divided into CHL1(+/+) group and DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group. Ten CHL1(-/-) mice in C57/BL6 background were randomly divided into CHL1(-/-) group and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group. DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-)group were fed with 1.5% DSS for 7 days, and then drinking distilled water for 2 days. CHL1(+/+) group and CHL1(-/-) group as control group were fed with distilled water for 9 days. The changes of weight, survival, fecal blood and the change of colon length in this study were observed.Results: On the 7th day, the weight of DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group were reduced significantly, and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group had extreme mortality on the 9th day. The fecal blood of DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group also had higher score than that of DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group. In the DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group,the length of colon was shortened obviously.Conclusion: The loss of CHL1 aggravates the development of IBD.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress on lung ischemia/reperfusion induced myocardial injury in mice
    XIANG Bing-qian, GAO Hui, HAO Mao-lin, DAI Yong-yue, WANG Wan-tie
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 8-13.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5581.2018.003
    Abstract   PDF (1366KB) ( 110 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress on lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced myocardial injury in mice.Methods: Forty healthy SPF male C57BL/6J mice were divided into 4 groups randomly (n=10):sham operation group (Sham group), lung I/R group (I/R group), endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) pathway agonist Tunicamycin group (TM) and ERS inhibitor 4-phenyl butyric acid group (4-PBA). The model of lung I/R injury was established by clamping the left hilum of lung for 30 min followed by 180 min of reperfusion. In sham group, only sternotomy was performed, the hilum of lung was not clamped, and the mice were mechanically ventilated for 210 min. In TM and 4-PBA groups, TM 1mg/kg and 4-PBA 400 mg/kg were injected intraperitoneally, respectively, at 30 min before establishment of the model. At 180 min of reperfusion, blood samples were collected from the orbit for determination of myocardial enzyme. The animals were then sacrificed, and hearts were removed for determination of light microscope, TUNEL, Caspase 3 enzymatic activity, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.Results: Compared with sham group, the cardiomyocytes had obvious damage under light microscope, and the serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, apoptosis index and Caspase 3 enzymatic activity were increased significantly, the expressions of p-Jun N-terminalkinase(p-JNK), Caspase 12, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) and glucose regulated protein 78(GRP78) protein and mRNA were up-regulated in I/R, TM and 4-PBA groups (P<0.01). Compared with I/R group, the cardiomyocytes damage was obvious under light microscope, and the serum CK-MB and LDH activities, apoptosis index and Caspase 3 enzymatic activity were increased significantly, the expressions of p-JNK, Caspase 12, CHOP and GRP78 protein and mRNA were up-regulated in group TM; while all above changes were relieved in group 4-PBA (P<0.01). Compared with TM group, the cardiomyocytes damage was relieved under light microscope, and the serum CK-MB and LDH activities, apoptosis index and Caspase 3 enzymatic activity were decreased significantly, the expressions of p-JNK, Caspase 12,CHOP and GRP78 protein and mRNA were down-regulated in group 4-PBA.Conclusion: The excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress participates in myocardial injury induced by lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and inhibit excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress response can relieved myocardial injury.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of total flavonids of astragalus on arrhythmia,endoplasmic reticulum stress in mice with viral myocarditis
    LIU Hao, HURILE Bate, XIONG Ying, WEI Cheng-xi, XUAN Li-ying, WANG Yu, ZHAO Ming
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 16-18.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5572.2018.005
    Abstract   PDF (1408KB) ( 189 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of total flavonids of astragalus(TFA) on arrhythmia, endoplasmic reticulum stress and connexcin in mice with viral myocarditis and to clarify the mechanisms of TFA against viral myocarditis complicated with arrhythmia.Methods: Thirty-six male Balb/c mice were randomly divided into control group, viral myocarditis group and total flavonoids group (n=12). The mice of viral myocarditis were intraperitonealy injected with 0.1 ml/day 10-950 TCID CVB3 for 3 days. The mice of TFA group were intraperitoneal injected with 0.1 ml/day 10-950 TCID CVB3 for 3 days and treated with 0.1ml, 20 mg/L TFA by tail vein injection. At the end of the experiment, arrhythmia was detected by electrocardiogram, the heart of mice were stained by HE, the expressions of glucose-regulated protein 78(GRP78), endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling pathway factor activating transcription factor 4(ATF4) and connexcin 43(Cx43) were detected by Western blot.Results: The expressions of GRP78 and ATF4 were increased and the expression of Cx43 was decreased in viral myocarditis, while TFA inhibited these effect of viral myocarditis in heart of mice.Conclusion: The antiarrhythmic effect of TFA may be related to the alleviation of endoplasmic reticulum stress and the increase of Cx43 expression.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of Health Qigong Baduanjin on diabetes related indexes in middle-aged obese women
    LIU Tao, BAI Shi, ZHANG Rong-chao
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 19-22.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5484.2018.006
    Abstract   PDF (913KB) ( 331 )
    Objective: To investigate the effect of Health Qigong Baduanjin on the related indexes of obese middle aged women with diabetes and to provide new ideas for the intervention treatment of diabetes.Methods: A total of 40 middle-aged female obese diabetic patients were randomly divided into the control group and the exercise group(n=20), the age was(57.2±5.4) years old. Fitness training group performed eight new Baduanjin exercises for 24 weeks of intervention, the control group did not exercise, body weight, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), fasting blood glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and serum retinol binding protein 4(RBP4) index were observed in the two groups.Results: After exercise, the waist, WHR, FPG, TG, HbAlc, HDL and RBP4 levels of the the patients in the experimental group were decreased significantly compared with those of before exercise and those of the patients in the experimental control group before and after exercise (P<0.05).Conclusion: Health Qigong Baduanjin can reduce the blood sugar of obese female patients with diabetes, and has some improvement effect on the body part of obesity and blood lipid indicators.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Current status of blood pressure control in patients with coronary heart disease
    ZHANG Yue, WANG Tian-tian, GUO Shu-li, HAN Li-na, ZHANG Li, LI Xiao-ying, FAN Jin
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 23-27.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5599.2018.007
    Abstract   PDF (943KB) ( 140 )
    Objective: To evaluate the level of blood pressure control in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) of China in order to provide guidance for the prevention and treatment of CHD.Methods: The patients with CHD were retrospectively collected from 2011~2014 in PLA General Hospital and Hainan Branch Hospital. Then analyzed the difference of blood pressure compliance rate between different surgical methods percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), secondary preventive drugs(aspirin, clopidogrel, nitrates, trimetazidine, nicorandil, hypotensor, hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering drugs) and lifestyle(smoking, drinking, exercise).Results: ①Effects of surgical methods on blood pressure:Male's systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP) in the CABG group were lower in the PCI group and control group, and female's DBP in the CABG group were lower in the PCI group. ②Usage rate of secondary prevention drugs:usage rate of trimetazidine, calcium antagonist, β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor antagonist (ARB) in hypertension group were higher than in normal blood pressure group. ③ Lifestyle condition:compliance rate of blood pressure in the smoking group was lower than that in the non smoking group. And there was no significant difference in blood pressure compliance rate among whether drinking and doing exercise or not.Conclusion: Blood pressure control in patients with CHD was still not satisfied. Compared with PCI, CABG may be more beneficial in the control of blood pressure in patients with CHD. Smoking cessation and improving the usage rate of secondary preventive drugs are still the main means of blood pressure control.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on cardiac hypertrophy and miRNA-133a-mediated Ca2+/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway in rats
    WU Yang, GUO Yuan-yuan, ZHANG Yuan-yuan, ZHANG Yi
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 29-34.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5492.2018.009
    Abstract   PDF (2642KB) ( 135 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on the negatively regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the relationship between the effect of H2S with miRNA-133a-mediated Ca2+/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.Methods: Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (ISO). The cell surface area was measured by image analysis system (Leica). The expression of brain natriuretic peptide(BNP), β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC), cystathionase (CSE), miRNA-133a, calcineurin (CaN) were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of CaN、nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATc4) were detected by Western blot. The concentration of H2S in the cardiomyocyte was detected by Elisa. The concentration of intracellular calcium was measured by calcium imaging using confocal microscope. The nuclear translocation of NFATc4 was checked by immuno-fluorescence cell staining technique.Results: ①The level of system of CSE/H2S and expression of miRNA-133a were significantly reduced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Pretreatment with NaHS increased the concentration of H2S and the expression of miRNA-133a mRNA in cardiomyocytes, and suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ②The concentration of intracellular calcium, the expression of CaN and nulear protein NFATc4 were significantly increased, and the nuclear translocation of NFATc4 were obviously enhanced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. NaHS pretreatment markedly inhibited these effects of ISO induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ③Application of antagomir-133a reversed the inhibitory effects of NaHS on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and increased the influx of intracellular calcium, and elevated the expression of CaN and nuclear protein NFATc4, and enhanced the nuclear translocation of NFATc4.Conclusion: H2S can negatively regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The effects might be associated with H2S increasing expression of miRNA-133a and inhibiting inactivation of Ca2+/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    cts of prenatal exposure of 850-1900MHz mobile phone on the expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of offspring rats
    WANG Ling-xing, HUANG Hong-hong, LV Guo-rong
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 35-38.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5592.2018.010
    Abstract   PDF (1035KB) ( 186 )
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of prenatal mobile phone exposure on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and doublecortin (DCX) in dentate gyrus of offspring rats.Methods: The rat model of prenatal mobile phone exposure was established and there were three groups including control group, short term maternal exposure group and long term maternal exposure group(n=6). From pregnant day 1 to day 17, pregnant rats in long term and short term maternal exposure group were exposed to an mobile phone in talking mode for 6 h/d and 24 h/d, respectively. Length of pregnancy, maternal body weight gain, litter size and pup's body weight were observed. The cell morphology in dentate gyrus of offspring rats at the age of 1 month was studied by cresyl violet staining. The immunohistochemical expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of rat offspring were detected, and the expression of DCX and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in hippocampus of rat offspring were evaluated by Western blot.Results: There was no difference in length of pregnancy, maternal body weight gain, litter size and pup's body weight among three groups. The morphological changes of pyramidal cells in the polymorphic layer and DCX-positive cells in the dentate gyrus were obvious in rat offspring of long term maternal exposure group. There were less PCNA-positive cells in dentate gyrus and decreased expression of DCX and BDNF in hippocampus by Western blot in long term maternal exposure group compared with control and short term maternal exposure group (all P<0.05).Conclusion: Long term prenatal mobile phone exposure might inhibit the expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of rat offspring by down-regulating BDNF.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of soybean isoflavones on the energy metabolism of swimming mice
    DENG Bing-nan, SUN Jing-ran, JIN Hong, NIE Hong-jing, DUAN Rui-feng, LIU Lie, GAO Zhi-xian, CHEN Zhao-li
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 39-42.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5575.2018.011
    Abstract   PDF (916KB) ( 52 )
    Objective: To establish an animal model for loaded swimming, so as to investigate the energy metabolism effects of soybean isoflavones (SI) on swimming mice.Methods: Thirty male Kunming mice were randomly divided into three groups:normal control, swimming group, and swimming+SI group. The normal control group mice were fed a basic AIN-93M diet, the SI groups were supplied with soybean isoflavones(4 g/kg).Two weeks later, the mice were forced to swim for an hour,and then all the mice were killed, the samples of blood, liver and muscles of hind were collected.The serum contents of lactic acid(Lac), the activities of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), creatine kinase (CK) and ATPase were measured.Results: Compared with normal control,the serum content of Lac was significantly improved in the group of the swimming control and SI(P<0.05),the activity of LDH in the serum was obviously improved in the group of the swimming control and SI, and the activity of CK and SDH were both significantly improved in the group of the swimming control and SI except the activity of SDH in the liver of the group SI; compared with the swimming control,the serum contents of Lac,the activities of LDH, ATPase, SDH, CK were obviously improved(P<0.05).Conclusion: Soybean isoflavones can improve the energy metabolism,antioxidant capacity of the swimming mice.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of rosuvastatin in homocysteine induced mouse vascular smooth muscle cell dedifferentiation and endoplasmic reticulum stress and its mechanisms
    ZHOU Chang-zuan, PAN Sun-lei, LIN Hui, MENG Li-ping, JI Zheng, CHI Ju-fang, GUO Hang-yuan
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 43-48.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5489.2018.012
    Abstract   PDF (1943KB) ( 111 )
    Objective: To investigate the effect of rosuvastatin on homocysteine (Hcy) induced mousevascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) dedifferentiation and endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS).Methods: VSMCs were co-cultured with Hcy and different concentration of rosuvastatin (0.1, 1.0 and 10 μmol/L). Cytoskeleton remodeling, VSMCs phenotype markers (smooth muscle actin-α, calponin and osteopontin) and ERS marker mRNAs (Herpud1, XBP1s and GRP78) were detected at predicted time. Tunicamycin was used to induce, respectively 4-phenylbutyrate(4-PBA) inhibition, ERS in VSMCs and cellular migration, proliferation and expression of phenotype proteins were analyzed. Mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)-P70S6 kinase (P70S6K) signaling agonist phosphatidic acid and inhibitor rapamycin were used in Rsv treated VSMCs. And then mTOR signaling and ERS associated mRNAs were detected.Results: Compared with Hcy group, Hcy+ Rsv group (1.0 and 10 μmol/L) showed enhanced α-SMA and calponin expression (P<0.01), suppressed ERS mRNA levels (P<0.01) and promoted polarity of cytoskeleton. Compared with Hcy group, Hcy+Rsv group and Hcy+4-PBA group showed suppressed proliferation, migration and enhanced contractile protein expression (P<0.01); while tunicamycin could reverse the effect of Rsv on Hcy treated cells. Furthermore, alleviated mTOR-P70S6K phosphorylation and ERS (P<0.01)were observed in Hcy+Rsv group and Hcy+rapamycin group, compared with Hcy group; while phosphatidic acid inhibited the effect of Rsv on mTOR signaling activation and ERS mRNA levels (P<0.01).Conclusion: Rosuvastatin could inhibit Hcy induced VSMCs dedifferentiation via suppressing ERS, which might be regulated by mTOR-P70S6K signaling.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of Coriaria Sinica Maxim's extract on microcirculation and oxidative stress of wounds in rats with deep second-degree burn
    HU Ze-hua, YU Zhao-fen, HUANG Jin, CHEN Xue-fei, HUANG De-bin
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 50-56.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5511.2018.014
    Abstract   PDF (1038KB) ( 45 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of Coriaria Sinica Maxim's extract(CSME) on microcirculation and oxidative stress of wounds in rats with deep second-degree burn.Methods: One hundred and eighty rats were randomly divided into normal saline group(NS), white petroleum group(WPL), silver sulfadiazine group (SSD), Coriariasinica Maxim's extract group which were divided into low dose(CSME-L),middle dose(CSME-M) and high dose(CSME-H). After anesthesia with burn instrument to burn the hair removal area of rats, these wounds were confirmed by pathological results with deep second degree burns.And then,those drugs were applied respectively on the wounds,such as NS、WPL、SSD and different concentrations of CSME. After injury at 48 h, 7 d, 14 d and 21 d,the healing rate(HR) of wound was measured, and the microvessel density (MVD), tissue moisture (TM), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), model driven architecture (MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and hydroxyproline(HYP) were detected, too. All pathological sections of the wound tissue were observed.Results: The HR of CSME groups were obviously increased with a dose-dependent manner, which was significantly higher than that of NS and WPL (P<0.05); On the 21st day, the diameter, number, distribution of the vessels and and the TM were less than other groups with a dose-dependent manner; On the 7th and 14th day after injury, CSME groups were significantly higher than the NS, WPL and SSD with a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05), but, on the 21st day after injury, they were lower than NS, WPL and SSD with a dose-dependent (P<0.05) manner. The levels of SOD, HYP, NO and ET in CSME groups were higher than those in other groups with dose-dependent on SOD activity, HYP, NO and ET content (P<0.05), while MDA activity was weaker than other groups (P<0.05). Similarly, pathological findings were also shown that CSME groups were better than other groups with a dose-dependent manner in decrease decreasing of wound repair time and hyperplasia of scar tissue.Conclusion: CSME can relieve tissue edema, promote wound contraction, speed up the formation of eschar and accelerate the proliferation of granulation tissue, which are beneficial to the wound healing in the early stages. But, it can inhibit the hyperplasia of granulation tissue to prevent the excessive scar hyperplasia of burn wound in the later stages. Its mechanism is related to regulation what microcirculation, oxidativestress, NO and VEGF.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Comparative study on anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation of different Isatidis Radix strains growing in Gansu Province
    ZHAO Ze-jun, WANG Zhi-wang, GUO Mei, DU Tao, SHI Xia, SHAO Jing, WEN Xi-yan
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 57-60.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5409.2018.015
    Abstract   PDF (947KB) ( 199 )
    Objective: To investigate anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation effects of different ecotype from Isatidis Radix growing in Gansu province.Methods: Mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=11)and used the auricular swelling and paw edema to observe the anti-inflammatory effects of Isatidis Radix; Mice were randomly divided into 7 groups (n=11) and through the gasbag synovitis model to observe the anti-inflammatory effects of Isatidis Radix; Mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=11), the immunosuppressed model were established by injection of cyclophosphamide (CTX) to study the effects of Isatidis Radix on index of thymus, blood routine and cytokines.Results: Gansu different ecotype from Isatidis Radix could reduce the swelling of the mice auricle, paw edema and total protein, leukotriene B4(LTB4)and malonaldehyde(MDA) in airbag synovitis exudates, and upgrade serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD); Degrade the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and upgrade the index of thymus, the number of red and white corpuscles, the level of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4) (P<0.05, 0.01) of mice immunosuppressed model; Above the research of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation, there were no significant differences between Isatidis Radix of Gansu different ecotype and tetraploid.Conclusion: Different ecotype of Isatidis Radix has obvious functions in anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation, but there are no significant differences between Gansu different ecotype and tetraploid.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Improvement of hydrogen on liver oxidative stress injury in chronic intermittent hypoxia rats
    YANG Sheng-chang, CHEN Ling-ling, FU Tian, LI Wen-ya, JI En-sheng
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 61-64.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5484.2018.016
    Abstract   PDF (1069KB) ( 639 )
    Objective: To explore the effects of hydrogen on liver injury in chronic intermittent hypoxia rats and the related oxidative stress mechanism.Methods: Twenty-four male adult SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups(n=8):the normoxia group (Norm), the chronic intermittent hypoxia group (CIH), the chronic intermittent hypoxia and hydrogen group (H2 + CIH). Rats in Norm group were exposed in air, those in the other 2 groups suffered from chronic intermittent hypoxia conditions for 5 weeks. Before the CIH treatment, rats in H2+CIH group inhaled hydrogen gas at 67% concentration for 1 hour. The serum biochemical indicators of oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokine, liver enzyme and blood lipid were inspected after five weeks treatment, the pathological changes of liver tissue were also observed in the transmission electron microscope.Results: Compared with Norm group, the microstructure of liver cells was severely injured, and the serum levels of glutamic-pyruvic transaminase(ALT),glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (AST) were significantly higher in CIH group (P<0.05); the serum level of 8-hydroxy-2 deoxyguanosine(8-OHdG) and interleukin-6(IL-6) was significantly higher, the serum level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was significantly lower. Compared with CIH group, the pathology of liver microstructure were significantly improved and the serum levels of ALT, AST were significantly lower in H2+CIH group (P<0.05); the serum levels of 8-OHdG and IL-6 were significantly lower, the serum level of SOD was significantly higher. Compared with Norm group, the serum level of IL-1 was higher, the serum level of TC, TG, and low density lipoprotein(LDL) were lower, but there was no statistical difference with those in CIH group. There was no statistical difference in the serum level of high density lipoprotein (HDL)among the three groups.Conclusion: Pre-treatment with hydrogen could improve the liver injury caused by chronic intermittent hypoxia, and reducing oxidative stress level for protecting the liver cells damage.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects and mechanisms of 6-week intensive training on renal function in rats
    NIU Yan-long, CAO Jian-min, ZHOU Hai-tao, LI Jie
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 65-68.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5641.2018.017
    Abstract   PDF (1109KB) ( 285 )
    Objective: To study the effect of 6-week intensive training on renal function in rats and the mechanism of exercise-induced proteinuria.Methods: Thirty-six male SD rats, aged 6 weeks, were divided into two groups, including a control group(C,n=12)and an overtraining group(M,n=24). After the rats adapted to feeding for 4 d, group C did not carry out any exercise, and the M group did 6-week of increasing load swimming, 6 days a week, once a day. Started with the load of 1%weight at the beginning of the 4th week,and gradually increased (to 6% weight). Took a single urine from both groups 30 min after the end of the training. Blood was taken from the main ventral vein, and the bilateral kidneys were to be tested. The levels of tested urine protein, microalbumin and neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin(NGAL) was determined by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assaytest. The content of urine creatinine was tested with alkaline picric acid method,. The serum levels of colorimetric method to determine serum creatinine and urea nitrogen were determined by colorimetric method. The expression of Nephrin in renal tissue was detected by Western blot and the radioimmunoassay was used to test serum testosterone, corticosterone and renin-angiotensin system related index.Results: Compared with group C, the serum testosterone/cortisone(T/C) of group M was decreased significantly (P<0.01). The urine total protein(TP), microalbumin (mAlb), microalbumin/creatinine (mAlb/CRE), NGAL, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine(SCr) were increased significantly (P<0.01). The abnormality of glomerular structure was obvious, and the paller scores were higher. The protein expression of Nephrin was obviously down decreased (P<0.01). The renin activity (Ra) and angiotension Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ) in renal and circulating blood were decreased significantly (P<0.01).Conclusion: The effects of 6-week intensive training on renal function in rats and the mechanism of exercise-induced proteinuria may be that overtraining can induce the continuous excitation of Reninrenin activity in renal and circulating blood, down-regulated the expression of Nephrin, lead to abnormality of renal structure and function, and proteinuria.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of centella asiatica granule on the expression of TGF-β1 and related down-stream signals in rats with early diabetic nephropathy
    MA Ji-wei, WANG Hong-tian, LIU Hao-fei, DING Yuan, BAI Ji-qiong, ZHANG Zhu
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 69-73.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5528.2018.018
    Abstract   PDF (1733KB) ( 110 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of centella asiatica (CA) granule on the expression of transform growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) and related down-stream signals in rats with early diabetic nephropathy(DN) and to clarify the molecular mechanisms of CA molecular mechanism of on preventing and curing early diabetic kidney disease DN by studying the effects of centella asiatica on TGF-β1 expression and related down-stream signals.Methods: Sixty male SD rats were divided into control group(n=10) and DN model group(n=50). The model rats were made a right nephrectomy. One week later, diabetic nephropathy was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptocozin(30 mg/kg) for three consecutive days. High blood glucose level of Tail vein (fasting glucose ≥ 16.7 mmol/L) and high urinary protein level(total protein level in DN group was more than twice higher than the control group) were measured to confirm early DN in rats. In the sham operation group, the right renal capsule was damaged and the corresponding amount of saline was injected. The model rats were administrated by the means of intragastric administration. The DN model group were divided into DN group, DN+fosinopril group(1.6 mg/kg·d), DN+high CA group(16.8 mg/kg·d), DN+medium CA group(11.2 mg/kg·d) and DN+low CA group(5.6 mg/kg·d), and each group was intragastric administration one time every morning last for 16 weeks. The expressions of mRNA and protein of TGF-β1, TβR1, TβR2, Smad2/3, Smad7 and the level of Smad2/3 phosphorylation were detected by using real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.Results: The expressions of mRNA and protein of TGF-β1, TβR1, TβR2, Smad2/3 and the level of Smad2/3 phosphorylation were significantly increased, the expressions of mRNA and protein of Smad7 were dramatically decreased. The fosinopril and high dosage CA could reverse the effects of DN.Conclusion: CA plays an important role in preventing and curing DN through regulating the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathways.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Changes of some biochemical markers and cardiac function in New Zealand rabbits with chronic heart failure
    ZHOU Ben-mei, GUO Xing-ming, ZHENG Yi-neng, LI Hong-quan
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 74-77.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5534.2018.019
    Abstract   PDF (1150KB) ( 63 )
    Objective: This article investigated the changes of some biochemical markers and cardiac function in chronic heart failure (CHF), and provided the basis for the diagnosis of CHF.Methods: New Zealand rabbit CHF model was established using adriamycin (ADR). Twenty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into model group (n=15) and control group (n=5), injected with ADR and saline solution via the ear vein respectively, 2 times a week, lasting for 8 weeks. After that, myocardial enzymes, carotid artery pressure, echocardiogram (ECG) and phonocardiogram (PCG) of all New Zealand rabbits were detected and recorded.Results: Compared with control group, all parameters of the model group were changed significantly (P<0.05).Conclusion: CHF leads to myocardial damage in New Zealand rabbits, decreased systolic and diastolic function, cardiac reserve index can be used to assess cardiac function.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of aerobic exercise plus diet control on serum levels of total IGF-1 and IGF-1 binding protein-3 in female obese youths and adolescents
    YANG Hong-fang, LIN Xiao-jing, WANG Xiao-hui
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 78-82.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5571.2018.020
    Abstract   PDF (933KB) ( 145 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of 4-week moderate aerobic exercise plus diet control on serum levels of total insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF-1) and IGF-1 binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) as well as IGF-1 activity (reflected by molar ratio of IGF-1/IGFBP-3) in female obese adolescents and youths, and their possible role on fat loss, and improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism.Methods: Nine female obese youths (age:18~19 y) and 30 female obese adolescents (age:14~16 y) were recruited and undertook 4-week aerobic exercise such as swimming and jogging (6 days/week, twice a day, 2 h/time with 5 min rest per 30 min exercise) with gradual increase of intensity from low (heart rate immediately post-exercise of 1st week:100~120 beats/min) to moderate (heart rate immediately post-exercise of 2nd-4th weeks:120~140 beats/min) level, combined with a diet intervention (total daily energy intake of 1 400 or 1 600 kcal according to basal metabolism rate) in Shanghai Dianfeng weight loss enclosed camp. Nine normal weight young women and 9 female children matched at age and nationality were recruited as the normal control. Before and after the experimental period, anthropometric index (body weight, body mass index(BMI) and waist circumference), glucose and lipid metabolism parameters including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), triglyceride (TG); total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL), and serum levels of total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were measured, and IGF-1 activity was calculated in the obese and normal control female adolescents.Results: ①Compared with normal control, the serum levels of total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were decreased in the female obese youths and adolescents, and IGF-1 activity was reduced only in the obese female adolescents. ②The serum level of IGFBP-3 was down-regulated and IGF-1 activity was up-regulated while no change of serum total IGF-1 was induced by 4-week moderate aerobic exercise plus diet control, accompanied with significant decreases of body weight, BMI and waist circumference as well as improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism in the female obese youths and adolescents. Except for a positive association between the increased IGF-1 activity and the decreased waist circumference was found in the female obese youths by Pearson's correlation analysis, there was no relation of the decreased IGFBP-3, the increased IGF-1 activity with the improvements of anthropometric index and glucose and lipid metabolism in female obese youths and adolescents.Conclusion: The serum level of IGFBP-3 was down-regulated and the IGF-1 activity was up-regulated by 4-week moderate aerobic exercise plus diet control in female obese youths and adolescents. The increase of IGF-1 activity might be associated with the exercise-plus-diet-induced decrease of waist circumstance in female obese youths.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    TCP wear particles causes injury of periprosthetic osteocytes in the mouse calvaria
    YAN Jia-qi, ZHANG Yun, LIU Fang-shu, CAI Ting-ting, TONG Kang-qiang, ZHU Can, HU Lu-qi, LV Shu-min
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 83-87.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5608.2018.021
    Abstract   PDF (1526KB) ( 93 )
    Objective: To study whether tricalcium phosphate(TCP) wear particles cause injuries of periprosthetic osteocytes in the mouse calvaria, and to explain its molecular mechanism.Methods: Thirty six-week(ICR)male mice were randomly divided into sham group, model (TCP) group and 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group. A murine calvarial model of osteolysis was established by 30 mg of TCP wear particles implantation over the periosteum around the middle suture of calvaria in mice. On the second postoperative day, the autophagy specific inhibitor 3-MA (1.0 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected to the calvaria in the 3-MA-treated mice every other day. After 2 weeks, blood and the calvaria were obtained. Micro-CT was used to detect bone mineral density(BMD), bone volume fraction (BVF) and porosity number. HE staining and flow cytometry were performed to analyze the viability and apoptosis of periprosthetic osteocytes. The serum levels of dentin matrix protein 1(DMP-1) and sclerostin (SOST) were determined by ELISA. The proteins expressions of DMP-1, SOST, Beclin-1 and microtuble-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC-3) were detected by Western blot in the calvaria osteocytes.Results: Compared with the sham group, the mice in the TCP group showed that a significant decrease in the viability of periprosthetic osteocytes, but obvious increases in number of osteocytes death and osteocytes apoptosis (P<0.05), and in serum level and protein expression of SOST; significant decreases in serum level and protein expression of DMP-1 (P<0.05), and remarkable up-regulation of autophagy-related factors beclin-1 and the conversion of LC3-Ⅱ from LC3-I in the calvaria osteocytes. Compared with TCP group, the mice in the 3-MA group showed that injuries of calvaria osteocytes were obviously aggravated, and osteocytes apoptosis was significantly increased (P<0.05).Conclusion: TCP wear particles can cause injuries of periprosthetic osteocytes via activation of apoptosis and autophagy, which promotes osteolysis around the prosthesis osteolysis and joint aseptic loosening.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects and mechanism of hypoxia exposure on related genes in brown fat tissue of obese mice based on mRNA expression profile microarray
    GONG Li-jing, FU Peng-yu, ZHU Rong-xin, WANG Lei, HU Yang
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 88-92.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5507.2018.022
    Abstract   PDF (935KB) ( 97 )
    Objective: This study intended to screen differentially expressed genes and pathways in Brown Adipose Tissue (BAT) of obese mice after the intervention of hypoxia by mRNA expression profile microarray, exploring the mechanism of hypoxia activated BAT.Methods: Thirty C57BL/6J male mice were divided into the normal diet control group (N, n=8), high-fat diet control group (OB, n=8) and high-fat diet hypoxia group (H, n=8). Group H was intervened by hypoxia exposure in the oxygen concentration of 11.2% of the normal oxygen and hypoxia for 8 h/d, 6 d/w of 4 weeks. Blood lipid and blood glucose were detected after intervention; RNA microarray scan and bioinformation analysis were done of BAT from scapula. Genes significantly (P ≤ 0.05) regulated more than 1.5 fold were chosen to do Gene Ontology and enrichment analysis by KOBAS 2.0, and confirmation of genes participating in key biological process (BP) and pathway was done by real time qPCR.Results: After intervention, the body weight and blood lipid and glucose levels in group H were significantly lower than those of group OB. Comparing with group N, 802 genes were significantly up-regulated and 1 175genes were down-regulated. The BP of these genes mainly concerned with glucose and lipid metabolic process and inflammatory reaction. Comparing with group OB, 297 genes were significantly up-regulated and 228 genes were down-regulated. These genes participated in glucose and lipid metabolic process, lipid transport, muscle system process and cardiovascular system development. The pathways of regulating BAT by hypoxia exposure mainly concentrated on the HIF-1, PI3K-AKT, FoxO and ErbB signaling pathways.Conclusion: A series of genes and pathways in BAT could be adjusted by hypoxia exposure, so that hypoxia could improve the activity of BAT, promoting obese organism to lose weight.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Effects of different intensity exercise training on apoptosis-related microRNAs and the targeted proteins in cardiomyocytes
    ZHAO Yong-cai, FU Jin-mei, GAO Bing-hong
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (1): 93-96.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5502.2018.023
    Abstract   PDF (1213KB) ( 78 )
    Objective: To detect the levels of miR-1, miR-21 and their targeted proteins in hearts of mice after different exercise training, and discuss potential molecular mechanism.Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided to 3 groups:sedentary (SE), exercise training 1(ET1) and exercise training 2 (ET2). SE did not do any exercise; ET1 undertook swimming training for 8 weeks, once a day, 5 days/week. Swimming 30 min in the 1st week, and the duration was increased 10 min per week to 90 min and maintained in the 7th and 8th week. ET2 performed the same work as ET1 and switched to twice a day by the end of the 5th week. TUNEL assay was applied to test myocardial apoptosis. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to detect proteins and miRs levels respectively.Results: Compared with SE, in ET1, myocardial apoptosis and miR-1 level did not change, but its targeted protein Bcl-2 increased significantly(P<0.01). miR-21 and its targeted protein PDCD4 did not change significantly. In ET2, myocardial apoptosis and miR-1 level were decreased significantly(P<0.05). Bcl-2 was increased significantly(P<0.01). miR-21 also increased significantly (P<0.05), but PDCD4 did not decrease significantly.Conclusion: Exercise training in ET2 other than ET1 could down-regulate myocardial apoptosis. Alterations of miR-1 and Bcl-2 may be responsible for this cardioprotection. PDCD4 is not sensitive to exercise training, it is likely that miR-21 and other targeted proteins participate in exercise-regulative apoptosis.
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
  News More  
» 网站开通试运营欢迎访问!
  2019-03-15

Sponsor
Chinese Association for Physiological Sciences Academy of Military Medical Sciences Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine
Associate Sponsor
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences
Editor in Chief
WANG Hai
Edited and Published by
Editorial Board,Chinese Journal of Applide Physiology;Dali Dao,Tinanjin 300050,China



  Links More  






  Advertisement More  
Copyright © 2015 CJAP, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by Beijing Magtech Co. Ltd