Home  About Journal Instructions for Authors Editorial Board Subscribe Advertisement Messages Board Contact Us 中文

CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 223-227.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5726.2019.048

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Therapeutic effect of massage on denervated skeletal muscle atrophy in rats and its mechanism

WAN Xiao-feng, TANG Cheng-lin, ZHAO Dan-dan, AN Hui-yu, MA Xiang, QIAO Tong-xi   

  1. 1. College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016;
    2. Chongqing Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine for Prevention and Cure of Metabolic Diseases, Chongqing 400016, China
  • Online:2019-05-28 Published:2019-06-28

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of massage on denervated skeletal muscle atrophy in rats and its mechanism. Methods: Forty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into model group (n=24) and massage group (n=24). Gastrocnemius muscle atrophy model was established by transecting the right tibial nerve of rat. On the second day after operation, the gastrocnemius muscle of the rats in the massage group was given manual intervention and the model group was not intervened. Six rats were sacrificed at the four time points of 0 d, 7 d, 14 d and 21 d. The gastrocnemius of the rats were obtained and measured the wet mass ratio after weighing. Cross-sectional area and diameter of the muscle fiber were measured after HE staining. The relative expressions of miR-23a, Akt, MuRF1 and MAFbx mRNA were tested with qPCR. Results: Compared with 0 d, the wet weight ratio, cross-sectional area and diameter of gastrocnemius muscle showed a progressive decline in the model group and massage group. The wet weight ratio, cross-sectional area and diameter of gastrocnemius muscle in the massage group were higher than those in the model group on 7 d, 14 d and 21 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with 0 d, the expressions of MuRF1, MAFbx and Akt mRNA were increased first and then were decreased in the model group and massage group. The expression of MuRF1 mRNA in massage group was lower than that in model group on 7 d and 21 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of MAFbx mRNA in massage group was lower than that in model group on 7 d, 14 d and 21 d (P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of Akt mRNA in massage group was higher than that in model group on 7 d, 14 d and 21 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with 0 d, the expression of miR-23a mRNA was increased in the model group and massage group on 21 d, and the expression of miR-23a mRNA in massage group was higher than that in model group (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Massage can delay the atrophy of denervated skeletal muscle. The mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of miR-23a and Akt mRNA, down-regulation of the expressions of MuRF1 and MAFbx mRNA, inhibition of protein degradation rate, and reduction of skeletal muscle protein degradation.

Key words: denervation, muscle atrophy, massage, protein degradation, rats

Copyright © 2015 CJAP, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by Beijing Magtech Co. Ltd